When we negotiate resolution of any sort of conflict, we may take for granted that we are usually doing it in the shadow of a more coercive and destructive form of conflict resolution. (In the international sphere, that means war. In the private sphere, that means courts.) Do we make agreements mostly because we understand the rules and know the consequences of breaking them? Alternatively, can we imagine a system of conflict resolution that does not require a backdrop of air strikes, economic sanctions or courts? Can we imagine nations, and individuals, reaching understandings based purely on enlightened self-interest and respect for the legitimate interests of others, without the need for the threat of force to compel and enforce those agreements?